Critical Analysis Chapter 1: What Are the Reasons, Issue and Thesis?

For the assigned passage(s), identify the issue, thesis and reasons. Try to show which reasons are major points and which are sub-points. Please use complete sentences, not simply phrases or single words, in all segments of your answers. Also, avoid quoting full sentences. Paraphrase instead.

Answer Format

Issue:  …in the form of a…question?
Thesis: …statement or answer to the Issue’s question.

  1. Complete Sentences
  2. Listed numerically
  3. Leaving out examples, numbers, or individual facts
  4. in favor of main supporting ideas

Passage 1:
Speedy, colorful waterscooters are gaining in popularity. Waterscooters can travel anywhere a small boat can and are typically popular with young people. The rising popularity of the craft has raised the question of waterscooter regulation. In this case, the argument for strict regulation is compelling. Waterscooters are a particularly deadly form of water recreation.

For example, two women were vacationing in Longboat Key. While they were floating on a raft along the shore, a waterscooter crashed into them and killed them. Also, waterscooter operators have been killed or seriously injured in collisions with other water craft. Others have been stranded at sea when their scooters either failed or sunk far from shore. Many waterscooter operators are inexperienced and ignorant of navigational rules, increasing the potential for accidents. The increasing popularity of the scooter has exacerbated the problem, providing more water vehicles to compete for the same space. Crowded waterways are simply an open invitation to disaster.

In addition to the inherent operational hazards of waterscooters, they are proving to be an environmental nuisance. Beach residents complain of the intrusive noise of the scooters. The Pacific Whale Foundation on the West Coast expressed concern that the scooters are frightening away endangered humpback whales that migrate to Hawaii for breeding.

Regulations such as minimum operating age, restricted operating areas, and mandatory classes in water safety are essential. Without such regulations, tragedies involving waterscooters are sure to multiply, rendering many beaches unsafe for recreation.

Passage 2:
Television advertising agencies are very clever in the way that they construct ads. Often the ads are similar to the cartoons that the children enjoy. Children see these characters interacting with a certain product and associate their affection for the character with affection for the product. The companies do not want the children to perceive a difference between the shows they are watching and the advertisements. By using this strategy, these companies take advantage of the fact that children are often not able to discriminate between the cartoons and the ads and do not understand that these things offered come at a cost. Often the advertising is about sugary snacks or fatty foods, leading the children down a path to bad health. Advertising geared toward children should be regulated – just as there are regulations now about tobacco and alcohol ads targeted at children.


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